Climate's restraints on lawn care
The average U.S. temperature is 52.7 °F while the average temperature for Bessemer varies from 36 °F to 90 °F, rarely going above or below 22 °F and 97 °F, respectively. The city experiences extreme, long, and humid summers whereas the winters are short, moist, and cold. The intense hot conditions can be stressful for your grass as it causes them to lose their water due to excessive transpiration. This leads the grass to be dehydrated and eventually die.
Drought conditions desiccate your grass as it is unable to reabsorb water from its roots due to lack of moisture. To avoid this, the first step is to make sure your grass is suitable for the climatic conditions experienced by your city or area.
Grass suitable for Bessemer
You need warm-season grass for your warm city Bessemer and Bermudagrass is one of the best options when it comes to warm-season grass. This grass requires a direct and good amount of sunlight to thrive. It is most suited for lawns in southern areas. Bermudagrass has a very high tolerance to heat, drought, and salt, and its tropical to subtropical nativity makes it extra effective. Since it is a perennial grass, it will grow back every year when the warmth of late spring returns after winter dormancy.
Zoysiagrass is the second-best option for your lawn in Bessemer. It is not only a warm-season grass, it also has an improved cold tolerance which makes it survive the initial winter months. It is suited for southern areas. Direct sunlight is a must for zoysiagrass, however, it will be able to tolerate some level of shade. A great quality of this grass is that it requires less watering and maintenance compared to other grass. Even though the growing process of this grass is slower than others, it produces a dense carpet of lush green grass on your lawn provided the weather conditions are suitable.
Even though Tall Fescue is primarily a cool-season grass, it is grown in Southern states such as Bessemer. Therefore, it is valued for its adaptability to various climatic conditions. It has tolerance for heat, shade, and drought. Most importantly it is disease resistant and does not get infected by any diseases and so is very beneficial for lawns. Its vigorous growth is observed during the cool spring months and with the arrival of fall. Tall Fescue has roots that go 2 to 3 feet within the soil enabling them to absorb water from deep down in the ground.
A warm-season grass that prefers full and direct sunlight, Bahiagrass is suited to regions deep down the South. It has good heat and drought tolerance and also requires lesser nutrients and water. It has slow germination but establishes well forming lush green grass on your lawns. Furthermore, it has a deep root system which further makes it drought tolerant. It grows most actively starting from late spring throughout the hot summer months.
Lawn care tips for summers
Fertilization of the warm-season grass
Fertilizing your lawns is very important for healthy grass growth. The nutrients that are absent in the soil but are required for the grass are obtained via fertilizers. Therefore, choosing the right fertilizer depending on the type of grass is necessary. Make sure to fertilize your grass during early summer as it will help it tolerate the heat and drought conditions better. You may burn your lawn if you apply more than needed and, as the grass is already stressed during the hot months, you have to be careful with it. If your grass is a cool-season grass, do not fertilize it during early summer and wait for spring for fertilization.
Mow it high
Another tip is to mow your lawn higher during the early summer months. This will enable the grass to be further heat tolerant and enable strong root growth that will help in the absorption of water. This will keep your grass long and prevent weed growth on your lawn. Before you mow your lawn, make sure your blades are sharpened as dull blades won't cut the grass but tear it making it more susceptible to loss of moisture. Even though you have to mow high, make sure to also fulfill the requirements of the type of grass growing on your lawn.
Pest and Weed control
The last thing you will have to do during early summer is to prevent pests and the growth of weeds. Not all insects are pests for your lawn, however, make sure to look out for June bugs, Japanese beetles, voles, moles, and Chinch bugs. They will munch on your grass and leave patches or trails of sections without any grass growing on them and can be damaging for your lawns. Apply preventative products according to the instructions given for pest control. Look out for weeds during this time and kill any potential bloomers before they can cause damage. Use herbicides that will prevent weed growth and also cause no harm to your grass.
Deep but Infrequent watering
Mid-summer months will require that you water your grass at about 4 to 6 inches. However, this process should be done only once or twice a week. Water following the weather forecast and water less on days it will rain to avoid overwatering.
Aeration is the process of making holes in the soil to allow water and other nutrients in the grass which were unable to enter the soil due to its compactness and solid material that were difficult to break down. While the watering and mowing follow in the late summers, aeration is added, but it is not a requirement.
Lawn Love's Assistance
Lawn maintenance can undeniably be a difficult task with your already hectic schedule. So, there is no need to work on your lawn during the weekends. Enjoy your day off by planning a trip to Alabama Adventure and Splash Park while Lawn Love takes care of your grass.